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submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 01.09.2016

working holiday !

Great opportunity for katina [ mavromati ] Black who did her work experience as a pharmacist in the pharmacy at potamo ..katina will finish her pharmacy studies at Queensland university at the end of this year .. katina is the daughter of john [ mavromati ] Black  of casino who is a pharmacist as well and annzina [ poteri ] Black from Toowoomba who were also on the island this summer ....katina enjoyed her work experience at the potamo pharmacy and gained valuable knowledge from her boss mano trifylli ...it was great to walk past the pharmacy and see katina assisting the customers with her friendly smile ... katina successfully combined working and enjoying all aspects of the kytherian summer , she also celebrated her 21st birthday with a great dinner at the famous platinos restraunt at beautiful mylopotamos  .. well done katina and all the best for the future ...

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 21.04.2016

kythera photo shop ...!

Photo  shop in downtown  potamos owned by chrissa fatseas , chrissa is a professional photographer and graduated from the athens techinical university .... chrissa will take photos while you are on the island of all social events such as weddings , christeings , birthday parties, meetings , anniversaries , special  family lunches or dinners , or book chriisa for a day out to take photos of you cruising and exploring the island with great shots of you and the island , her dad is george the taxi driver !! chrissa has over 10 years experience in professional photgraphy , the store is located as you enter potamo and right next door to the  pharmacy .. the store has a large range range of photo frames and photo  albums ...chrissa also keeps on file photos of  kytherian landcapes , villages , beaches for you to bring back home , also chrissa will photograph traditional events that take place on the island such as parades , saint church days , dances etc and also photos of the kytherian philarmonic orchestra.. chrissa will also arrange great souviners , photos of kythera on coffee cups , key rings , biros , fridge magnets, calendars etc ,  she can also download photos from your camera  onto CDs and USBs ,  .. .. while on kythera please support local business .. they need our patronage ...mobile is 6974112419... shop phone number ..2736038225 ... or visit www.fxphoto-kythera.gr... email is fxphoto@hotmail.com

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 30.12.2015

bags galore ...

bags on sale at fratsia dance ,woven in the old and modern style

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submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 04.11.2015

Map showing location for the Aris Tsaravopoulos presentation on Antikythera

See details of a lecture that Ari Tsaravopoulos will deliver on Antikytherian Archaeology on Monday, November 9th at 7pm in the room "Astrolabe", Agios Ioannis Rentis, Pericles 7.

The map of the area, has been provided above, to facilitate access.

The distance from the crossing of Piraeus with Neo Faliro is less than 300 meters.

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 27.10.2015

the best of fratsia ...

some of the produce on display at the fratsia dance / produce show

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 21.09.2015

who will buy ?

Albanians now are raising crops and selling them in the Sunday markets at potamo .. and judging by their produce, they seem to be doing very well .. good on you boys!!

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Sunday Telegraph on 09.03.2015

Little secret worth sharing in Greek island of Kythera

Sunday Telegraph (circulation, 490,000)
ESCAPE (section)

FEBRUARY 22, 2015

KAREN HALABI


Photograph: Colourful boat moored in one of the many harbours.

View / download a copy of this article in English from the Kytherian Newsletter:

Halabi Article Kytherian Newsletter.pdf

View / download a copy of this article in Greek, as a .pdf:

Halabi article on Kythera.pdf

I have only been on Kythera two days when a local takes me aside to show me his tomatoes and sample his homemade ouzo. “Please don’t write anything about the island,” he pleads. “We don’t want people to know about it.”

If you see the way other Greek islands on the main route are overrun seasonally by hordes of tourists – think Mykonos, Santorini and Ios for starters – you'll know why Kytherians are keen to keep their little secret.

Unlike many other islands, Kythera has managed to preserve its village life and community traditions. You can still see donkeys and old ladies in black with headscarves. Religious festivals are held in caves and they make their own wine, ouzo and olive oil.

In many ways, Kythera is Greece’s best kept secret. Many Australians have never heard of it, but this is the island from which the majority of Greek Australians originated.

Kytherians set up Australia’s first cafes, milk bars, fish and chip shops, cinemas and pubs. They still consider the island “home” and are proud of their heritage. This archaeological treasure island is the site of the largest ancient shipwreck ever discovered, described as “the Titanic of the ancient world”. A tiny sister island off Kythera, known as Antikythera, is where the Antikythera mechanism – an ancient computing device described as the world’s first computer – was discovered.

Kythera will be the focus later this year of a part-Australian funded archaeological exploration dive to search the wreck of British brig Mentor, the ship carrying the stolen Elgin marbles from the Parthenon that sank just off the island’s coast. Part of the Ionian Islands in the region of Attica, far from cruise ship and tourist routes, Kythera sits at the foot of the Peloponnese at the crossroads of three seas – the Ionian, Aegean and Cretan.

At 280 sq km, it’s one of Greece’s largest islands. In mythology, Kythera (Kithira or Cythera) is known as the birthplace of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty.

As I discover, Kythera is like every Greek island woven into one. At the southern end, the capital, Chora, is a stereotypically picturesque blue and white Greek cobblestone-paved town that fits my every Cycladian fantasy. I drive 10km out of Chora and feel like I'm in Tuscany with rolling green hills, green conifers and Tuscan-style ochre stone farmhouses. Then a little further north, I see deserted stone buildings and low beach scrub with rocky red beaches at the end of mountain goat tracks – I could be on Mars.

The starkly diverse natural beauty of this mountainous island, with its valleys, enchanting red and grey volcanic beaches and rugged trails make it popular with walkers, nature enthusiasts, divers, religious, archaeological and cultural tourists. Remnants of medieval times including crusader, Venetian and Byzantine castles, dot the landscape along with Roman- style aqueducts, traces of ancient Sparta and the Phoenicians and churches spanning centuries.

The chapel of St John (Agios Iannos), marked by its huge white cross painted on the cliff face, is built into the cliffside at Kapsali. White monasteries dot the top of tall mounts all around the island. The most spectacular, with panoramic views, is Agios Georgios tou Vouno (St George on the Mount) on the eastern coast, built on a Minoan Peak sanctuary.

Kythera has about 70 small villages and each has its own character. As my tour guide on another island, Paros, says: “Villages have disappeared on most islands replaced by rows of tourist hotels”.

Life on Kythera centres around family and community. Every Sunday, there’s a market in Potamos, a village in the centre of the island. People come from all around to either sell their goods or just to meet up in the square and sit to have a Greek coffee or Sunday mezze.

Only 3000 permanent residents live on the island. Sparsely habited and largely rural, it doesn’t in any way pander to tourists. There are no buses or trains, no big hotels, nightclubs or tourist shops. This is the real Greece.

I stayed a fortnight and came to know the locals, immersing myself in the local history and culture. I hired a car (you can choose a Vespa instead), ate in local tavernas, lingered under platanos trees in town squares drinking ouzo and eating octopus or mezze with the locals, stayed in a family owned house (you can choose from numerous B&Bs) and experienced the local life. Kytherians inundated me with figs from their trees and tomatoes from their gardens. Kytherian wine has a distinctive flavour and is made from “arikikas” grapes. Tess Mallos, author of Greek Cookbook, was from Karavas, and a photo of the ruined houses of Karavas is on the front of her cookbook.

Surprisingly, many Kytherians speak good English, thanks largely to the Australian connection – relatives are coming and going all the time. Every second house in Kythera has a kangaroo emblazoned on a wall signifying that someone from the family has gone to Australia.

Former NSW minister for tourism, George Souris, film director George Miller and the owners of Andronicus (coffee) all hail from Kythera.

GO2

KYTHERA

GETTING THERE

Emirates, Qantas, Virgin Australia and Lufthansa are among the carriers flying from Australia to Athens. From Athens connect to Kythera with Olympic Air, or by car ferry departing from the Athenian ports of Piraeus (13E) or from Neapolis (11E).

www.kythera.gr/en/gettinghere/routes.php

STAYING THERE

Xenónas Fos kè Chóros is a small traditional guesthouse with four luxury guest rooms from 55 euros per night. Contact Anita or Albert info@agreekisland.com; agreekisland.com.

Hotel Xorokampos overlooks a volcanic bay and Paleopolis beach. Contact Lampros Friligkos, xorokampos@hotmail.com; www.kythiracampus.gr

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submitted by Antikythera News on 13.12.2014

Mogi Vicentini reproduction of the Antikythera mechanism which was made in 2007

Ancient Discoveries: Antikythera Mechanism

By
Jackie Hammond

Billionaires Australia. December 6, 2014


If you thought that computers were a modern invention, then it’s time to throw your preconceptions right out of the window and be wowed by a device that’s believed to be at least 2,000 years old.

The Antikythera Mechanism was discovered on the Greek seabed by sponge divers in 1901 and is the world’s oldest known analogue computer. Although it’s been reliably dated to between 150 and 100 years BC, the experts reckon that it wasn’t the prototype because it was so sophisticated.

So, even before this fabulous device was being used by ancient scientists, it’s likely that even earlier forms of computers had been created to track the Sun and Moon, calculate the positions of the planets in the heavens and work out when eclipses were likely to occur. How or why we lost the ancient knowledge that went into creating the mechanism, no one knows; mankind didn’t produce anything else as technologically advanced as this for another 1,500 years.

In fact, the latest research published in December 2014 in the Archive for the History of Exact Sciences has suggested that the device may be even older, with new information adding somewhere between 100 and 150 years to its age.

In this Billionaires investigation, we’ll take a closer look at the discovery of this awesome object and what some remarkable brains in the ancient world designed it to do.

Discovery

The mechanism was found by divers looking for sponges off the wreck of an ancient ship near the Greek island of Antikythera, from which the device takes its name. At first, it was overlooked as teams from the National Museum of Archaeology in Athens concentrated on the other finds recovered from the wreck, including coins, statues and pottery. What was to be the greatest discovery from the wreck just looked liked a corroded piece of metal embedded in a rock.

But then one of the team noticed what looked like a gear, and suggested it may be an astronomical clock. His theory was pooh-poohed though, because everything else from the wreck predated such developments by centuries.

The mechanism lay in the museum for another 50 years before a new generation of researchers decided to try to work out its secrets. And it wasn't until the start of the 1970s that x-rays revealed just what was inside that lump of bronze and rock and astounded the world’s scientific community.

A team led by Derek J de Solla Price from Yale University discovered that the mechanism was in fact a complex machine with gears to track the movement of planets and stars, and calculate changes in the heavens. It completely shook up the scientific establishment, because nothing else of this complexity has been found before the astronomical clocks that were produced in the 14th Century. It is, according to Prof Michael Edmunds of Cardiff University, “more valuable than the Mona Lisa”.

What was it for?

The mechanism is in more than 80 fragments, although there could have been more that have been lost down the centuries. X-rays revealed 30 different bronze gears inside a wooden box, with detailed ancient Greek inscriptions on each of its two faces.

The front face, or dial, is marked off with the 365 days of the year on an outer circle, and the Greek signs of the zodiac are shown on an inner circle. It also shows the Moon and the five planets that were then known in the ancient world. Pointers could be lined up with the Moon and the Sun and their positions tracked around the year.

On the back, there are five dials, one of which scientists believe was used to calculate when the ancient Olympic Games were held.

In 2007, a reproduction of the mechanism was made:

Mogi Vicentini

And you can see computer generated reproductions of the front and back faces that were created by Tony Freeth for the ongoing Antikythera Research Project, which is continuing to analyse the mechanism and its mysteries:

The special research project was launched in 2005 to bring together international academics, with the backing of technology companies, to see what other secrets can be uncovered from within the Antikythera Mechanism.
We don’t yet know what else will be revealed by this astounding piece of ancient technology, but as our own technology advances, scientists are finding new ways to explore and assess the Antikythera Mechanism.

Who knows, this ancient computer may still have undiscovered mysteries to reveal that will again put our modern assumptions about ancient man into a tailspin.

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 07.12.2014

the leader of the band

the late great stratis theodorokakis, shop owner for many many years at the platia in potamos , but most known for the contribution to the island for his music services , it wont be the same without stratis leading the famous kytherian municipal band at special occasions of the island ....thank you for the music stratis....

Photos > Working Life

submitted by KCA Admin on 06.12.2014

Picking olives in the 1950s

The exhibition "Olive, the Blessed Tree" is to include older photographs of historical interest. This one, by the veteran photographer Manolis Fatseas, was taken in the 1950s and shows two women separating leaves from a mound of picked olives by pouring them from a bucket.

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 29.09.2014

Hellenic Navy Seals are known as O.Y.K

27 September 2014

Two of the six man Hellenic Navy Seal (O.Y.K) team are part of this year’s Antikythera expedition have arrived with a truck filled with equipment, and are preparing for in-water operations during the excavation phase of the project.

Even though the weather is too bad for diving, lots is still going on.

The Hellenic Navy is another key partner in the project who deserves thanks, providing skilled personnel, equipment and the Thetis as a support vessel for Exosuit.

- See more at: http://antikythera.whoi.edu/2014/09/27/hellenic-navy-seals/#sthash.cVvNKqYR.dpuf

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 29.09.2014

Preparing the diving equipment for the six man team on Antikythera

27th September 2014.

Two of the six man Hellenic Navy Seal (O.Y.K) team are part of this year’s Antikythera expedition have arrived with a truck filled with equipment, and are preparing for in-water operations during the excavation phase of the project.

Even though the weather is too bad for diving, lots is still going on.

The Hellenic Navy is another key partner in the project who deserves thanks, providing skilled personnel, equipment and the Thetis as a support vessel for Exosuit.

- See more at: http://antikythera.whoi.edu/2014/09/27/hellenic-navy-seals/#sthash.cVvNKqYR.dpuf

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 29.09.2014

Unloading hundreds of kilograms of diving equipment.

27 September

Two of the six man Hellenic Navy Seal (O.Y.K) team are part of this year’s Antikythera expedition have arrived with a truck filled with equipment, and are preparing for in-water operations during the excavation phase of the project.

Even though the weather is too bad for diving, lots is still going on.

The Hellenic Navy is another key partner in the project who deserves thanks, providing skilled personnel, equipment and the Thetis as a support vessel for Exosuit.

- See more at: http://antikythera.whoi.edu/2014/09/27/hellenic-navy-seals/#sthash.cVvNKqYR.dpuf

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 29.09.2014

Hellenic Navy Seals Have Arrived

27 September

Photograph: The navy seal truck that arrived at 3:30 am on 27th September.

Two of the six man Hellenic Navy Seal (O.Y.K) team are part of this year’s Antikythera expedition have arrived with a truck filled with equipment, and are preparing for in-water operations during the excavation phase of the project. Even though the weather is too bad for diving, lots is still going on.

The Hellenic Navy is another key partner in the project who deserves thanks, providing skilled personnel, equipment and the Thetis as a support vessel for Exosuit.

- See more at: http://antikythera.whoi.edu/2014/09/27/hellenic-navy-seals/#sthash.cVvNKqYR.dpuf

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 25.09.2014

Theotokis Theodoulou examines the ship's lead anchor stock, about 1.4 metres long and weighing close to 200kg

Exploring the site where the Antikythera mechanism was found

Maybe there is a second shipwreck near the one where the famous Antikythera mechanism was found, says the Brendan P Foley, head of research on the Antikythera Research Project. "We are the focus of international concern, and experts from around the world await the results of our research."

"You know, I feel such excitement, I often dream about and think about the Antikythera shipwreck. What can be hidden on the seabed. And one more thing: if from one sunken ship we managed to recover such wonderful discoveries, imagine if we could explore the hundreds of thousands of ancient wrecks that are in the waters of the Mediterranean - what we could find! And how will these discoveries change our knowledge of the ancient world, and especially our knowledge of Greek culture."

Brendan Foley's heads the team of Americans, who are undertaking the new underwater surveys will be done on the small island of Antikythera, which lies between Kythera and the coast of Crete, and which has become world renowned thanks to the famous antikythera mechanism.

Foley is very handsome, and has superb facial features. He could have become an actor if he did not have so much love for archeology, diving and technology. Gifted, with profound knowledge in all three areas, this scientist from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute in Massachusetts found himself back in Greece for the umpteenth time. He was delivering the end of the brilliant report on the wreck and the mechanism at the National Archaeological Museum (EAM), a few days ago. He spoke to the "Kathamerini" about the research project which will start on September 15 and will end on October 15 at the place where the original Roman hull was found.

And second ship to the bottom?

Foley is a member of a whole group of of researchers from different countries and disciplines, supported by Greek and international funding. Among them, Greek scientists active in the Department of Underwater Antiquities, headed by Angela Simosi, Swiss engineers and watchmakers (Hublot is the major sponsor and has built the replica of the mechanism seen in SCM), and U.S. experts, all working closely.

The group has undertaken preparatory work over the last two years, so they know exactly the challenges they face. The largest of these? "That we will not only focus on the findings of the ocean floor, as made by sponge divers in 1900 and Jacques Cousteau in 1976, but we propose to dig into the ocean floor. This is because the ship was a commercial trading vessel, so you can reasonably speculate that it may have carried other items of valuable cargo, which will probably be well preserved. You may also find other parts of the mechanism or other mechanisms. Also, we want to explore a second wreck, close to where the sculptures, amphorae and mechanism were found. It is located 250 meters away and carried the same type of pottery. This was discovered two years ago. "Apparently it followed the same route, may have been manned by members of the same group, and the ship may also contain an antikythera device," says Foley, barely hiding his impatience to dive into the waters of the Aegean.

Exosuit diving gear

And why not feel impatient, when you are in possession of the latest technology - the diving outfit Exosuit - that could well be featured on a mission into outer space. It gives the user the opportunity to dive to a depth of 300 meters for as long as 3-4 hours. The Exosuit was first tested off of Rhode Island, where biologists used it to study the nervous system of living organisms and molluscs, which live deep on the ocean floor. Study of these organisms is contributing to cancer research.

Now this unique outfit will be utilised by Foley and the other marine archaeologists to explore the ocean depths off Antikythera. Note that the sponge divers who explored the wreck off Antikythera worked at a depth of 30 feet deep, sometimes reaching the 75 feet, with natural breathing. They remained on the bottom for only a few minutes. The wreck and artefacts however are scattered across the ocean floor in various places, a depths from 30 to 150 meters.

"I have worked with the Department of Underwater Antiquities since 2001, when I was still a PhD student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)," says Foley. "I participated in the investigation of the sunken ship at a stage when he began to devise new technological breakthroughs. And I must tell you with pride that Greece is the place where these were first tested. The largest number of underwater archeology surveys and field work has been conducted here. Experts from around the world await the results. We have become the centre of international interest.

I love Greece, I consider it my second home. Together with Sweden, which is where I reside; my wife is also Swedish. As non-Greeks it is a huge honor to be able to see and touch the most important shipwrecks of antiquity. For So many years I am got tired of reading in the foreign press negative things about the country. Greece has clearly achieved great things, including research into the wreck off ANtikythera. I believe that the mission will boost the morale of the Greeks and simultaneously will create very positive impressions abroad. I am very eacited about it ... ".

Technology

The 2014 project will feature the latest, most advanced submersible technology. From robotic mapping systems, to closed circuit rebreathers and a new Atmospheric Diving System (the Exosuit), the 2014 project seeks to maximize the scientific return from our month in the field. Even more importantly, the technology selected for the project increase the safety margins for our operations team.

Video of REMUS 100 Autonomous Underwater Vehicle, deployed on our previous archaeological projects in the Aegean Sea.

During the 2014 season, we will use an Iver AUV operated by by Dr. Oscar Pizzaro and Dr. Stefan Williams of the Australian Centre for Marine Robotics. The AUV’s stereo cameras will collect overlapping images of the shipwreck site. These data will be processed using an algorithm known as Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM), to produce a three-dimensional pixel-resolution map of the wreck.

For the 2012 project, our team’s goals were to re-locate the Antikythera Shipwreck and to document any other archaeological features around the entire island. Since the underwater slope near shore is too steep and rocky for effective sonar searches, we elected to survey the littoral visually. Closed circuit rebreathers gave us longer and safer bottom times than conventional SCUBA, and Diver Propulsion Vehicles increased our range immensely compared to finning.

The result: a total circumnavigation of the island (34 km) in 8 operational days. Rebreathers and DPVs are now part of our team’s standard kit, and will be used during the 2014 season.

To add another dimension to the AUV map, in 2014 our rebreather-equipped divers will conduct a survey with underwater metal detectors. We will have more bottom time than any previous human visitors to the site, because we dive with mixed gas closed circuit rebreathers. Each diver will have more than 30 minutes of bottom time per day, and will enjoy greater mental acuity and a larger safety margin than that of previous divers at Antikythera.

During the 2013 project, we deployed a combination side scan/multibeam sonar (pictured above), designed and operated by engineers from Edgetech. With this Edgetech 4600 sonar, we mapped the entire coastline of Antikythera out to a depth of 150 meters. The side scan data showed us tantalizing targets just 100 m offshore from the Antikythera Shipwreck.

The data from this integrated sonar system are the basis for the first acoustic maps ever produced of the shipwreck and surrounding sea floor. With these maps and our direct observations by diving, our team has a better understanding of the wreck site and its layout.

Τιμή μου που αγγίζω το ναυάγιο
ΜΑΡΓΑΡΙΤΑ ΠΟΥΡΝΑΡΑ

Ισως υπάρχει και δεύτερο ναυάγιο κοντά σε εκείνο με τον περίφημο μηχανισμό των Αντικυθήρων, λέει στην «Κ» ο Μπρένταν Φόλεϊ, επικεφαλής ερευνών στο επίμαχο σημείο. «Οι ειδικοί απ’ όλο τον κόσμο περιμένουν τα αποτελέσματα διότι είστε στο επίκεντρο του διεθνούς ενδιαφέροντος».
ΕΤΙΚΕΤΕΣ:
«Ξέρετε, αισθάνομαι τέτοιο ενθουσιασμό, που συχνά πετάγομαι μέσα στον ύπνο μου και σκέφτομαι το ναυάγιο των Αντικυθήρων. Τι μπορεί να κρύβεται στον θαλάσσιο πυθμένα... Και κάτι ακόμα: αν σε ένα μόνο βυθισμένο πλοίο που καταφέραμε να εντοπίσουμε στον βυθό υπήρχαν τέτοια θαυμαστά ευρήματα, φανταστείτε στα εκατοντάδες χιλιάδες αρχαία κουφάρια που είναι στα νερά της Μεσογείου τι θα μπορούσαμε να βρούμε! Και πόσο θα άλλαζαν οι ανακαλύψεις αυτές τη γνώση μας για τον αρχαίο κόσμο και κυρίως για τον ελληνικό πολιτισμό».

Ο Μπρένταν Φόλεϊ είναι ο επικεφαλής, από την πλευρά των Αμερικανών, των νέων υποθαλάσσιων ερευνών που θα γίνουν στο μικρό νησί ανάμεσα στα Κύθηρα και τις ακτές της Κρήτης, το οποίο έγινε γνωστό ώς τα πέρατα του κόσμου χάρις στον περίφημο μηχανισμό. Με εντυπωσιακή σωματοδομή και ωραία χαρακτηριστικά προσώπου, θα μπορούσε να είχε γίνει ηθοποιός αν δεν είχε τόσο μεγάλη αγάπη στην αρχαιολογία, τις καταδύσεις και την τεχνολογία. Προικισμένος με βαθιές γνώσεις και στους τρεις τομείς, ο επιστήμονας του Ωκεανογραφικού Ινστιτούτου Woods Hole της Μασαχουσέτης βρέθηκε για πολλοστή φορά στη χώρα μας, για τη λήξη της λαμπρής έκθεσης για το ναυάγιο και τον μηχανισμό στο Εθνικό Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο (ΕΑΜ), πριν από μερικές ημέρες. Και μίλησε στην «Κ» για την επικείμενη επιχείρηση, που θα ξεκινήσει στις 15 Σεπτεμβρίου και θα ολοκληρωθεί στις 15 Οκτωβρίου στον τόπο όπου βρέθηκε το ρωμαϊκό σκαρί.

Και δεύτερο πλοίο στον βυθό!

Ο Φόλεϊ είναι μέλος μιας ολόκληρης ομάδας από διαφορετικές εθνικότητες και επιστημονικές ειδικότητες, με διεθνή και ελληνική χρηματοδότηση, που οργανώνει τις καινούργιες έρευνες. Ανάμεσά τους, Ελληνες επιστήμονες της δραστήριας Εφορείας Εναλίων Αρχαιοτήτων με επικεφαλής την Αγγελική Σίμωση, Ελβετοί μηχανικοί και ωρολογοποιοί (η Hublot είναι μέγας χορηγός και έχει κατασκευάσει το αντίγραφο του μηχανισμού που είδαμε στο ΕΑΜ), Αμερικανοί ειδικοί που συνεργάστηκαν στενά. Εχει προηγηθεί μεγάλη προετοιμασία κατά τα δύο τελευταία έτη, έτσι ώστε να γνωρίζουν επακριβώς τις προκλήσεις που καλούνται να αντιμετωπίσουν. Η μεγαλύτερη από αυτές; «Οτι θα μπορέσουμε όχι μόνο να εστιάσουμε στα ευρήματα στην επιφάνεια του βυθού, όπως έκαναν οι σφουγγαράδες το 1900 και ο Ζακ Κουστό το 1976, αλλά να κάνουμε ανασκαφή στον πυθμένα. Και αυτό, διότι το πλοίο ήταν εμπορικό, οπότε εικάζουμε βάσιμα ότι μπορεί να υπάρχουν και άλλα αντικείμενα από το πολύτιμο φορτίο του, τα οποία θα είναι πιθανότατα καλά διατηρημένα. Μπορεί να βρούμε και άλλα τμήματα του μηχανισμού ή και άλλους μηχανισμούς. Επίσης, είναι βέβαιη η ύπαρξη και ενός δεύτερου ναυαγίου αρκετά κοντά σε αυτό όπου βρέθηκαν τα γλυπτά, οι αμφορείς και ο μηχανισμός. Είναι 250 μέτρα μακρύτερα και είχε τον ίδιο τύπο κεραμικής. Το ανακαλύψαμε πριν από δύο χρόνια. Προφανώς έκανε το ίδιο δρομολόγιο ή μπορεί να συνταξίδευε με το πλοίο του μηχανισμού», λέει ο Αμερικανός, χωρίς να κρύβει την ανυπομονησία του να καταδυθεί στα νερά του Αιγαίου.

H στολή Exosuit

Και πώς να μην αισθάνεται ανυπόμονος όταν έχει στη διάθεσή του την τελευταία λέξη της τεχνολογίας. Πρόκειται για την καταδυτική στολή Exosuit που κάλλιστα θα μπορούσε να φιγουράρει σε αποστολή στο Διάστημα. Δίνει στον χρήστη της τη δυνατότητα να καταδυθεί σε βάθος ακόμα και 300 μέτρων για 3 - 4 ώρες! Η πρώτη φορά που θα δοκιμαστεί σε πραγματικές συνθήκες είναι σε λίγο καιρό ανοικτά του Ρόουντ Αϊλαντ, όπου βιολόγοι θα καταδυθούν σε μεγάλα βάθη για να μελετήσουν το νευρικό σύστημα ζωντανών μικροοργανισμών και μαλακίων, συμβάλλοντας στην έρευνα κατά του καρκίνου. Και ύστερα, η μοναδική αυτή στολή θα ταξιδέψει ώς τα Αντικύθηρα για να τη φορέσει ο Φόλεϊ και άλλοι δύτες αρχαιολόγοι της ΕΕΑ. Αξίζει να σημειωθεί ότι οι σφουγγαράδες εργάζονταν στα 30 μέτρα βάθος, έφταναν μετά βίας στα 75 με κανονικό αέρα, άρα έμεναν στον βυθό για ελάχιστα λεπτά. Το ναυάγιο και τα αντικείμενα είναι όμως διασκορπισμένα σε διάφορα σημεία, από τα 30 ώς και τα 150 μέτρα.

«Συνεργάζομαι με την Εφορεία Εναλίων Αρχαιοτήτων από το 2001, όταν ήμουν ακόμα υποψήφιος διδάκτορας στο ΜΙΤ», λέει ο Φόλεϊ. «Συμμετείχα στην έρευνα για το ναυάγιο σε μια φάση κατά την οποία άρχισε να υπεισέρχεται ο καταλυτικός παράγοντας των νέων επιτευγμάτων της τεχνολογίας. Και πρέπει να σας πω με υπερηφάνεια ότι η Ελλάδα είναι ο τόπος όπου γίνεται η πρώτη δοκιμή τους σε παγκόσμιο επίπεδο. Εδώ είναι το μεγαλύτερο πεδίο ερευνών της ενάλιας αρχαιολογίας και οι ειδικοί από όλον τον κόσμο περιμένουν τα αποτελέσματα διότι είσαστε στο επίκεντρο του διεθνούς ενδιαφέροντος. Αγαπώ πολύ την Ελλάδα και, μαζί με τη Σουηδία που είναι ο τόπος διαμονής μου, καθώς η σύζυγός μου είναι Σουηδέζα, τη θεωρώ δεύτερη πατρίδα μου. Και ως μη Ελληνας θεωρώ τεράστια τιμή που μπορώ να δω και να αγγίξω το πιο σημαντικό ναυάγιο της αρχαιότητας. Τόσα χρόνια κουράστηκα να διαβάζω στον ξένο Τύπο αρνητικά πράγματα για τη χώρα, ενώ ήταν σαφές ότι γίνονταν και σπουδαία επιτεύγματα, όπως λ.χ. η έρευνα στο ναυάγιο. Πιστεύω ότι η αποστολή θα τονώσει το ηθικό των Ελλήνων και ταυτόχρονα θα δημιουργήσει εξαιρετικά θετικό απόηχο στο εξωτερικό. Χαίρομαι αφάνταστα γι’ αυτό...».
Ο επίσημος ιστότοπος της έρευνας.

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Archaeology On Kythera on 25.09.2014

Marine diver wearing the Exosuit, a cutting-edge piece of diving equipment that allows the user to go as deep as 300 meters and remain there for up to four hours

New international mission ready to explore Antikythera shipwreck

By Margarita Pournara

Ekathimerini 10.7.2014


Around two-and-a-half years ago the National Archaeological Museum inaugurated “The Shipwreck of Antikythera: The Ship – the Treasures – the Mechanism.” The exhibition on the wreck that went down in the second quarter of the 1st century BC – taking with it artworks, coins and other artifacts, along with the world’s oldest known analog computer, the “Antikythera mechanism” – was so successful that it prompted scientists and archaeologists to revisit the location where the shipwreck had been discovered, just off the coast of Antikythera in the southern Aegean.

An event was recently organized to mark the closing of the exhibition in Athens, before it travels to Switzerland, where it will go on display in 2015. The speakers at the event included the president of the National Archaeological Museum, Dr George Kakavas, Theodosios Tassios, professor emeritus of engineering at the National Technical University of Athens, Basel Museum of Ancient Art director Dr Andrea Bignasca, and Dr Brendan Foley, chief researcher at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. During the event, a large-scale expedition to the shipwreck was announced, which will run for a month from September 15, bringing together Greek and international experts. With the aid of new technology, the archaeologists and scientists will dive down to the shipwreck, where they are expected to make great new discoveries.

Two studies of the wreck have already been made – by the sponge divers from the island of Symi who discovered the site with the support of the Royal Navy in 1900-01, and French marine archaeologist Jacques-Yves Cousteau in 1976 – but the latest dives are expected to get much closer to the wreck. Moreover, research conducted in 2012 and 2013 between Crete and Antikythera with the help of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and Greece’s Underwater Antiquities Department under its director Angeliki Simosi suggested the possible presence of a second shipwreck in the area. It was this confluence of facts that prompted the new mission this fall. The exhibition currently numbers 378 pieces. Perhaps in a few years it will have even more.

The deepest that the sponge divers who first inspected the wreck were able to go down to was 75 meters, and only for very short periods. But the underwater terrain has changed over the past 2,000 years due to earthquakes. The problem has been addressed with the creation of the Exosuit, currently being tested by scientists conducting studies on marine organisms that live at great depths as part of a broader study on cancer treatment.

The mission is expected to cost between $2 and $3 million and is being bankrolled by Swiss watchmaker Hublot and other Greek, American and Swiss companies.

Speaking at the end of the Athens exhibition, Deputy Culture Minister Angela Gerekou hailed its success, saying that it had helped to boost visitor numbers at the National Archaeological Museum by 81 percent while reviving the interest of archaeologists and other scientists in the Antikythera mechanism.

US team chief

“I am so excited that I often find myself wide awake thinking of the Antikythera shipwreck. What can be hiding down there? And one more thing: If there have been so many wonderful finds in just the one wreck that we managed to locate, how much more is there to discover in all the hundreds of thousands of wrecks lying at the bottom of the Mediterranean? And just think how such discoveries could change the way we view the ancient world and especially the Greek civilization.”

Dr Brendan Foley is the head of the American section of an international underwater expedition planning to explore the seabed off Antikythera, an islet between Kythera and Crete and the site of one of the world’s most famous discoveries, the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient analog computer.
Handsome and with an impressive physique, Foley could have made it in Hollywood if it weren't for his obsessions with archaeology, scuba diving and technology. Endowed with a profound knowledge in all three areas, the American scientist of the Massachusetts-based Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution was in Greece recently on one of numerous visits for the closing of the exhibition on the Antikythera mechanism at the National Archaeological Museum. He spoke to Kathimerini about the upcoming exploration of the shipwreck.

Foley is part of a large team encompassing different ethnicities and disciplines which has spent the last two years preparing for the challenges ahead. The biggest of these, he says, is whether they will be able to get below the wreck and dig underneath, adding to previous searches of the surface of the shipwreck conducted by the sponge divers who discovered it in 1900 and Jacques-Yves Cousteau in 1976.

“The ship was used for commercial purposes and we can speculate that there are more items to be found from its valuable cargo, which will most likely be very well preserved,” said Foley. “We are also certain of the existence of a second wreck near the one where sculpture, amphorae and the mechanism were discovered. It is 250 meters away and was carrying similar ceramic objects. We discovered it about two years ago. It was obviously following the same route and may have been traveling with the ship carrying the mechanism.”

Foley is also unable to contain his excitement about working with the Exosuit, a cutting-edge piece of diving equipment that allows the user to go as deep as 300 meters and remain there for up to four hours. It will be tested in real conditions within the next few weeks off the coast of Rhode Island, before traveling to Antikythera to be donned by Foley and his colleagues. It is worth noting that early 20th century sponge divers normally worked down to depths of 30 meters although they could get down to a maximum of 75 meters, remaining there for just a few minutes. The cargo is scattered at distances of up to 150 meters from the ship.

“I have been working with the Greek Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities since 2001, when I was still doing my doctoral thesis at MIT,” said Foley. “I participated in the research regarding the ship at a time when new achievements in technology were becoming game changers. And I must say, with no small amount of pride, that Greece is where the newest technology is being tested first. Greece is the largest field of research into underwater archaeology and experts all over the world are anticipating the results.

“I love Greece and, along with Sweden, which is where I live as my wife is Swedish, I consider it my second home,” said the American scientist. “As a non-Greek I feel truly honored to be able to touch the most important shipwreck of antiquity. I am sick of reading such negative things about the country in the foreign media when it is clear that amazing things are being done, such as the expedition to the wreck.

“I believe that the mission will boost morale in Greece and at the same time have a very positive resonance abroad. I am so happy about this.”

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Sydney Morning Herald on 22.09.2014

Future of displays: Professor Sarah Kenderdine

says the new system is a technological and conceptual leap. Photo: Edwina Pickles

Sydney Morning Herald, September 18, 2014

Linda Morris

360 degree data-browser

Professor Sarah Kenderdine has developed an interactive digital browser for Museum Victoria allowing 80,000 previously unseen objects in the Museum's collection to be viewed by museum visitors. The data-browser is the first of its kind in the world.

Cutting edge technology has come to the rescue of Australia's hidden treasures, with an interactive cinema developed by the University of NSW to place on public display hundreds of thousands of photographs, cards and artifacts "lost" in museum collections.

With a mini tablet and 3-D glasses, visitors will be able to enter a giant cinema-in-the-round, dubbed the Tardis, to burrow through gallery and museum collections hardly seen by the public.

The physical effect is akin to standing in the centre of the shared virtual entity known in computing as the cloud, where networked information can be retrieved and visitors take themselves on a serendipitous journey of discovery through the network of linked information.

Future of displays: Professor Sarah Kenderdine says the new system is a technological and conceptual leap. Photo: Edwina Pickles

The digital browser was developed by the Museum Victoria and researchers at the UNSW iCinema Research Centre and is funded by the Australian Research Council. The design of the browser was led by Professor Sarah Kenderdine from the university's department of Art & Design and the museum's Tim Hart, and will be installed later this year.

Hailed by the university as the first of its kind in the world, this immersive cinematic experience has the potential to revolutionise traditional gallery going and museum practices.

At Museum Victoria where only a fraction of the collection is on display, museum visitors will be able to access the "storehouse and explore freely this wonderland of objects", says Professor Kenderdine. "It's like being in the Matrix!"

Professor Kenderdine says mARChive represents a technological and conceptual leap on the interactive microtile wall display installed in 2013 at the Cleveland Museum of Art which reproduces only 3000 images archived objects and was, until now, considered a model for future gallery displays.

The mARChive experience is one of immersion, movement, and a feeling of wonder as users explore and follow objects thematically and temporally. The connections between objects are made by description and metadata in the museum's collection management system, says Professor Kenderdine.

For the visitor, it conveys the sense of scale and amazement at the scope and size of large museum collections, usually for the first time, a realisation similar to the final scene of Raiders of the Lost Ark. The Ark of the Covenant is lost/stored in a warehouse and the camera pans over the enormous pile of like-sized wooden crates. mARChive allows visitors to open up the crates to reveal the treasures inside.

The browser is organised along eighteen themes from armour to leisure to natural science and Indigenous collections. This rich data is combined with an ever changing soundtrack made from the audio archives of the museum, among other sources.

While museums and galleries have been busy placing a sizeable portion of their collections on the internet, this is a genuinely immersive experience in which visitors are the drivers of their own experience and creators of their own narrative emerging from the collections, says Professor Kenderdine.

Museum Victoria's director of Public Engagement, Tim Hart, says the museum currently displays less than one per cent of its 17 million items acquired over 150 years.

Stored across three sites are significant collections of Australian indigenous cultural artifacts, an extensive natural science collection of animals, rocks, minerals and fossils and a collection unique to Victoria's historical and technological developments. It has the body of Phar Lap on display. The extent of the museum's collection was "mindboggling".

"This will enable visitors to make their own serendipitous journeys through the collections," says Mr Hart. "You know, it is a little like Alice in Wonderland going down the burrow, you find more and more as you drill down."

The next step, says Mr Hart, will see visitors complete brief survey forms to preorder information of interest, be it World War I or some other topic. "We will definitely be applying for more research funding."

The cylindrical 3-D projection screen is four meters high by 12metres wide, and features a 12 channel stereoscopic projection system and surround sound audio system.

It is one of nine interactive large screen display systems that have been built. Professor Kenderdine and Museum Victoria are in the early stages of developing a world travelling exhibition, Illuminating Asia, a virtual tour of Asian art and cultural heritage down the centuries using these nine displays. "It's a block buster which will tour major museums in China, Europe and North America. It will change the nature of museum-going experience forever."

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submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 12.05.2014

methzaki time !!

KAPINOS cafeneo one of the more popular with locals at the platia in potamos, and on some days bbq octopus is on the menu, with a nice glass of ouzo, makes for a nice mezie on a chilly winters day ...

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submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 09.05.2014

'sitting on the dock of the bay '

risky job as this tractor driver found at lycidimou beach trying to push back the sand of the 'mollo ' back into the sea , getting the beach ready for the summer , but the huge seas that day made the job a little tricky, requiring good driving skills ...!!

Photos > Working Life

submitted by Stephen Trifyllis on 07.05.2014

easter sunday feast ..

getting ready for the Easter Sunday lunch, the potamo butcher stocks up on lambs for the celebration...