submitted by Museum Administration on 03.11.2004
Serpentinite is a greenish, ultramafic rock found on Kythera, particularly in the north. 6 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Volcanic rock is not formed on Kythera, but is so light that it floats on water, and therefore can wash ashore from faraway places. This piece, found at Diakofty, is 6 cm long, and of a type known as ‘tuff’. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Most of the rock on Kythera is Tripoli limestone, which is probably the most important natural building material on the island. Weather-worn limestone of this type may have a dull, yellowish-gray cast, but a fresh cut reveals the rich, dark color of this rock.
Tripoli limestone is hard and gray, darkened by organic matter in the shallow water where it was formed. The high hills of Kythera and much of the coastline is made of this limestone, which is the most common rock on the island. The old stone houses and the walls that divide the fields are mostly made of Tripoli limestone. 9 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
A chunk of Tripoli limestone with a vein of calcite. When rounded and polished by the sea, these rocks form intriguing beach stones. Found on the cliffs above Agia Pelagia, 5 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Margiakos limestone contains clay minerals and organic material, making it lightweight but hard. Known as ‘pori’, it is a good building material, and is most often used to frame doorways and windows in traditional stone houses on Kythera. 9 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
submitted by Museum Administration on 02.11.2004
Almond stone is a hard, compact limestone that is formed in deep water and therefore contains little organic matter, which accounts for its light color. Common on Kythera, almond stone is often used in outer doorsills, where years of shuffling feet will give it a smooth, polished texture. 8 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
A bit of almond stone with a vein filled by calcite. 5 cm. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Almond stone is a frequent host for calcite crystals, as in this specimen, 10 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
The fissures in this piece of limestone have been filled with iron oxide, making strange and beautiful designs. 7.5 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Limestone with a pock-marked surface that has been eaten away by lithophagous sea creatures. 6 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Sandstone is commonly found in the seaside cliffs of eastern Kythera, and forms many of the island's promontories, such as the well-known 'profiles' at Paliopoli. This piece is 10.5 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Sandstone core from Kapsali drilling hole, 6 cm long. Gift of Markos Megaloikonomos. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Pelites is a fine-grained sedimentary rock formed from hardened clay. This triangular piece, 5 cm long, was found on the road between Fratsia and Paliopoli. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
A broken cube of pelites with a core of red flint, 3.5 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
A small chunk of red pelites with a band of red flint, 4 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
This charming piece of pelites has a funny face drawn with green aluminum oxide. 3.5 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Red pelites with veins and patches of black manganese. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
Close-up of a piece of red pelites showing dendrites formed by black manganese. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
This rock is found in deep sea deposits, and commonly appears in schists. Pictured is a piece 8 cm long. Photograph by Peter B Tzannes, 2004
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